X

Notice: If you experience issues today please clear the browser cache. Contact us if you need more assistance. Thanks.

Past Participle

    compr ar   beb er   viv ir
     
compr
 
 
ado
 
   
beb
 
 
ido
 
   
viv
 
ido

The past participle is used in conjunction with the auxiliary verb "haber" to form compound past tenses

Compound Tenses ~ Tiempos compuestos

Present Perfect ~ Pretérito perfecto

Present indicative of "haber" + past participle

He vivido en Inglaterra por dos años
I lived in Enland for two years

Todavia no han empezado
They haven't started yet

Past Perfect ~ Pretérito Pluscuamperfecto

Imperfect of "haber" + past participle

Yo había salido cuando el vino
I had gone out when he came

Te llamé esta mañana pero ya te habías ido a trabajar
I called you this morning but you had already gone to work

Future Perfect ~ Futuro Perfecto

Future of "haber" + past participle

Antes de que vengas, yo ya habré terminado
Before you come, I will have finished

¿Habrán comido ya?
Will they not have already eaten?

Conditional Perfect ~ Conditional perfecto

Conditional of "haber" + past participle

Habría llamado ayer si hubiera podido
I would have phoned yesterday if I had been able to

Carmen habría venido pero no tenía el coche
Carmen would have come but she didn't have the car

Present Perfect Subjunctive

Present subjunctive of "haber" + past participle

Espero que la película no haya empezado ya
I hope the film has not started yet

Te llamaré cuando haya terminado
I will call you when I have finished

Pluperfect Subjunctive

Imperfect subjunctive of "haber" + past participle

Si hubieras venido, te habrías divertido mucho
If you had come you would have had a great time

Si lo hubiese sabido, no habría tenido problemas
If I had known, I wouldn't have had problems

Perfect Infinitive ~ Infinitivo Compuesto

Haber + past participle

Escribe tres preguntas después de haber leído este libro
Write three questions after reading this book

Perfect Gerund ~ Gerundio Compuesto

Habiendo + past participle

Habiendo visto ambas versiones...
Having seen both versions...